Wednesday, April 28, 2010

General "Frost"

General "Frost" (German: Generaloberst Frost, French: Général Hiver) is a well-known metaphor coined in England during Napoleon's Russian Campaign of 1812. It implies that the cold weather is always on the Russian side. However, in reality it is a myth, - the Russian troops normally suffer as much from the cold Russian winter as their adversaries. For example, during WWII, especially in 1941-42, German generals repeatedly blamed General "Frost" for their defeats on the Eastern Front. Although it was true that the German troops suffered greatly from the frostbites and diseases due to the cold weather, it is a little known fact that during the winter 1941-42 alone, the Red Army lost as many as 180,000 of its own troops who died of cold due to organizational failures and inadequate equipment (in particular, the lack of cold-weather gear).


General "Frost" attacking the Germans during WWI on the Eastern Front (as seen from France)

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